What is Hemp, its uses and history?

What is Hemp, its uses and history?

What is Hemp?

Hemp is the fiber and seed part of the Cannabis Sativa L. plant, opposed to the flower part of the plant which is “legally considered” marijuana. 

The fiber and seeds are incredibly valuable and this is why hemp is often called a “cash crop”. 

Hemp is a very hearty plant and grows very quickly in very diverse soil conditions.

Cultivation of hemp for industrial purposes has been done by many civilizations for over 12,000 years.   

Industrial hemp was the desired fiber used to manufacture rope, canvas, paper, and clothing until alternative textiles and synthetics for these purposes were discovered.  

Although China has been the largest hemp producer over the years, other countries such as Australia and Canada are catching up. 

It has been illegal for anyone to grow hemp in the United States as hemp is illegal under the marijuana prohibition act but Colorado has changed the laws and paved the way for industrial hemp production again in the United States(see hemp history).

Now hemp oilshemp plasticshemp building materials and many hemp fiber products can be seen and purchased on the market.

Hemp is truly an amazing plant with the potential to help “green up” many industries.

Traditionally, hemp fiber has been a very coarse fiber when raw, which made it well suited to rope but less than ideal for clothing designed to be worn against delicate human skin.

Advances in breeding of the plants and treatment/processing of the fibers have resulted in a much finer, softer hemp fiber, which is ideal for weaving into hemp clothing, fabrics and rope

What is Hemp used for:

The “re-“growth of industrial hemp in the United States is heavily regulated, although the neighboring nation of Canada successfully grows hemp commercially and on a fairly large scale. 

Since becoming legal to grow again in Canada, the crop has taken off and has become a booming multi-million dollar export.  

Hemp building materials are another growing segment of the hemp industry. 

Canada is now a leader in the global hemp food/health marketplace. 

Canadian hemp products are found in many hemp markets in the United States and many other countries.

In addition to providing useful fibers, hemp seed also has high nutritional value and the plant can be used to make biodegradable plastics, some fuels, and a variety of other things.

Hemp foods including but not limited to hemp energy bars, hemp salad dressing,hemp milk, hemp protein shakes, hemp oil gel caps and hemp protein powder are among some of the health products being produced today.

History of Hemp:

Hemp is an ancient plant that has been cultivated for millennia.

The Columbia History of the World (1996) states that that weaving of hemp fiber began over 10,000 years ago!

Carbon tests have suggested that the use of wild hemp dates as far back as 8,000 B.C.

In Great Britain, hemp cultivation dates back to 800AD.

In the 16th Century, Henry VIII encouraged farmers to plant the crop extensively to provide materials for the British Naval fleet.

A steady supply of hemp was needed for the construction of battleships and their components.

Riggings, pendants, pennants, sails, and oakum were all made from hemp fiber and oil.

Hemp paper was used for maps, logs, and even for the Bibles that sailors may have brought on board.

The history of hemp is amazing, we could go on for pages, this is just a quick primer.

Cultivation

Hemp drying:
17th Century America, farmers in Virginia, Massachusetts and Connecticut were ordered by law to grow Indian hemp.

By the early 18th century, a person could be sentenced to jail if they weren’t growing hemp on their land! Hemp was considered to be legal tender.

For over 200 years in colonial America, hemp was currency that one could use to pay their taxes with! (Don’t try that today, kids!)

The 1850 U.S. census documented approximately 8,400 hemp plantations of at least 2,000 acres.

Strains in cultivation included China hemp, Smyrna hemp and Japanese hemp.

For years, hemp farmers used a hand break operated machine when harvesting.

Finally a machine was built that would take care of all the processes, breaking the retted stalks and cleaning the fiber to produce clean, straight hemp fiber which was equal to the best grades prepared on hand brakes.

This machine was able to harvest 1000 pounds or more of clean hemp fiber per hour.

This breakthrough made cultivating more fiscally attractive by reducing labor costs.

By 1920 the hemp crop was entirely handled by machinery.

Hemp Fuel(see hemp fuel)

In 1896 Rudolph Diesel had produced his famous engine.

Like many others, Diesel assumed that the diesel engine would be powered by a variety of fuels, especially vegetable and seed oils.

Henry Ford of the Ford Motor Company seeing the potential of biomass fuels operated a successful biomass conversion plant producing hemp fuel at their Iron Mountain facility in Michigan.

Ford engineers extracted methanol, charcoal fuel, tar, pitch, ethyl acetate and creosote, fundamental ingredients for modern industry.

Today these are supplied by oil-related industries.

Prohibition

Viewing hemp as a threat, a smear campaign against hemp was started by competing industries, associating hemp with marijuana.

This was an defining moment in the history of hemp!

Propaganda films like “Reefer Madness” assured hemp’s demise.

When Congress passed the Marijuana Tax Act in 1937, the decline of hemp effectively began.

The tax and licensing regulations of the act made hemp cultivation nearly impossible for American farmers.

Anslinger, the chief promoter of the Tax Act, argued for anti-marijuana legislation around the world.

An interesting situation arose during World War II as American Farmers were prohibited from producing hemp because of the 1937 law.

However, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor halted the importation of Manila hemp from the Philippines

This action prompted the USDA to rethink their agenda and created a call to action with the release of the film Hemp for Victory, motivating American Farmers to grow hemp for the war effort.

The government formed a private company called War Hemp Industries to subsidize hemp cultivation.

One million acres of hemp were grown across the Midwest as part of this program.

As soon as the war ended, all of the hemp processing plants were shut down and the industry again disappeared.

However, wild hemp may be found scattered across the country.

From 1937 until the late 1960s the United States government recognized that Industrial Hemp and marijuana were two distinct varieties of the cannabis plant.

After the Controlled Substances Act of  27th October,1970 was passed, hemp was no longer recognized as being distinct from marijuana.

Is it Legal to Sell CBD Hemp Oil?

Hemp is legal to have and sell in the United States.

However, up until recently, selling CBD hemp oil in the U.S. was difficult and expensive.

That’s because it’s been illegal to grow hemp for some time. Since 1937 as explained above.

In addition, the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 added all forms of cannabis to the list of Schedule I drugs. This made it illegal to grow cannabis of any kind, including hemp, in the U.S.

Despite this regulation, the hemp industry continued to grow. As long as the hemp contains less than .03 percent THC, it can be imported into the country.

But the times are changing, and with it so are the laws.

There are currently fourteen states that allow residents and businesses to apply for a permit to grow hemp for industrial purposes.

Seven more states have passed laws allowing hemp to be grown for research purposes only.

The Federal Drug Administration now considers hemp a food-based product and regulates its use based on that classification.

CBD hemp oil, unlike CBD oil derived from marijuana, is legal in all fifty states.

It can even be bought and sold across state lines.

However, the hemp used to make it can only be grown by those with a permit in the fourteen states that allow hemp growth.

In addition, hemp can be imported from outside of the country and meets the standard that requires less than .03 THC.

The Hemp Farming Act of 2018 was a proposed law to remove hemp (defined as cannabis with less than 0.3% THC) from Schedule I controlled substances and making it an ordinary agricultural commodity.

Its provisions were incorporated in the 2018 United States farm bill that became law on December 20, 2018.

Is it legal to sell CBD hemp oil? Short answer? Yes. But here’s all the info you need to know exactly what’s going on with the law.

With so many new laws and regulations on the use and sale of marijuana being passed and amended, it can be tough to keep them all straight.

But if you’re looking to get in on the hemp oil business, you probably have plenty of questions about legality.

Those interested in making and selling CBD hemp oil are no different.

If you’ve asked the question “is it legal to sell CBD hemp oil?” keep reading to learn about the laws and regulations relegating its use.

What is CBD Hemp Oil?

If you’re wondering if it is legal to sell CBD hemp oil, you likely already know what it is.

But knowing an exact definition of the product, and the ingredients that it contains can help you figure out what laws apply to your specific product.

The abbreviation CBD stands for Cannabidiol.

Cannabidiol is a chemical substance that is found in cannabis plants.

It accounts for nearly 40 percent of the substances extracted from hemp plants.

CBD gets a bad reputation because it is often confused with THC.

THC is the intoxicating, illegal substance that allows users of marijuana to get high.

Unlike with its cousin, you cannot get high from CBD.

Is CBD illegal?

If you’re wondering if it is legal to sell CBD hemp oil, you’re probably also wondering if CBD is legal to have and sell.

The answer is yes.

CBD derived from hemp is legal in all fifty states.

Is CBD Hemp Oil Illegal?

Like CBD on its own, CBD hemp oil is also legal to have and sell in all fifty states.

It’s considered to be a product of hemp.

Hemp isn’t and has never been illegal in the United States.

It contains only trace amounts of THC – .03% and under to be exact.

Not enough to make the user feel “high”, but just enough to allow the two compounds to work together more efficiently in whats known as the entourage effect.

So unlike marijuana, it’s never been outlawed.

However, some states do have laws against growing it for commercial use. But even that is changing, with more states now allowing it.

The Federal Drug Administration considers hemp to be a food-based product.

Because it is legal, you can freely transport and sell hemp across state lines.

So is it legal to sell CBD hemp oil?

The short answer is yes. The long answer is that there are plenty of regulations that you’ll need to be aware of and follow in order to sell it.

The short answer is yes.

Just as you can freely transport and sell hemp across state lines, you can freely transport and sell CBD hemp oil in all fifty states.

However, this only applies to CBD hemp oil that is derived from industrial hemp plants grown in the states that allow that.

CBD can also be derived from marijuana plants.

If the CBD in question comes from one of these plants, it’s use and sale is much more heavily regulated.

CBD oil derived from marijuana plants requires a prescription from a doctor in order to buy.

It is also only legal in certain states.

If you were to sell CBD oil derived from marijuana, you could only sell it in the states where medical marijuana is legal. You can also only sell it through a state licensed dispensary and only to those who have a prescription from a doctor.

But if you’re looking to buy or sell CBD hemp oil that is derived from a hemp plant, it is legal in all fifty states.

 

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